ANTH103: Reciprocity The Secret to Being a Successful Foraging Society

Learning Goal: I’m working on a anthropology writing question and need an explanation and answer to help me learn.


The goal of this assignment is to challenge some of our popular misconceptions about foraging societies. One assumption frequently made by most Westerners is the idea that foragers are constantly struggling to find food and are always on the brink of starvation. Anthropologists, however, have long noted that foragers work a mere 20 hours a week and rarely find themselves hungry. How could this be?


In this assignment, we will explore the importance of reciprocity in foraging cultures. We began with each of us exploring our neighborhoods to find food resources and then sharing that food resource to our community Padlet Board. Imagine if that Padlet Board was real and that we were all living in a foraging culture. This would mean that each of us went out to forage for food and brought back one item. Now consider what would be like if you only had that one item to eat. Would this be enough for you? Would this one item be a balanced, healthy diet? Did you remember to also look for water? Now imagine that instead of being limited to this one food item, you get to exchange items with our community!

  • Start by reviewing the articles we read about reciprocity and foraging cultures:
    • Richard Lee: Eating Christmas in the Kalahari.pdf
    • Turnbull: Excerpts from The Forest People.pdf
  • Now you are ready to think like an anthropologist! Please write a short essay (about 2 typed, 12 point font, double spaced pages), that considers the following question:
    • PROMPT: How does reciprocity help foragers to rarely experience hunger and starvation?

Your essay response should include:

  • an argument (thesis)
  • evidence from the reading and lecture
  • an analysis of your evidence
  • an essay structure, complete with an introduction, body paragraph and a conclusion

Your argument should include:

  • Use specific evidence from both the articles:
    • Richard Lee: Eating Christmas in the Kalahari.pdf
    • Turnbull: Excerpts from The Forest People.pdf
    • and the Padlet Board
  • Discuss in your essay how that evidence supports your argument
    • Include the food items you found and those you would eat from our Padlet Board. Reflect on how having access to your community’s food resources really changed your diet and potentially your health

Foods from padlet board to include: cow, tomato plants, mushrooms, oranges, strawberries

  • Avoid using vague language because you assume that your reader already knows about the topic. Instead, imagine that your reader has no knowledge on this topic and you really want to persuade them that your argument is correct. To do that, you will need to explain the topic and your evidence to them so that you can be convincing.

Format for your Essay:

  • 1-2 page essay/500-700 words (double-spaced, 12-pt font) Your answer can be longer than this but needs to be at a minimum 1 page. Why? This is a complicated question so you’ll need that space to address it well.

There is no right or wrong answer, but your answer needs to include material from:

  • Richard Lee: Eating Christmas in the Kalahari.pdf
  • Turnbull: Excerpts from The Forest People.pdf
  • Textbook Chapter 6

Requirements: 500-700 Words Times New Roman Size 12 Font Double-Spaced APA Format Excluding the Title and Works Cited Pages

Please be sure to include an introduction paragraph with a clear thesis statement at the end along with a conclusion paragraph

Please be sure to carefully follow the instructions

No plagiarism & No Course Hero & No Chegg. The assignment will be checked for originality via the Turnitin plagiarism tool

Please be sure to include at least one in-text citation in each body paragraph

Please be sure to read, use, and cite the sources provided. Please make sure that additional sources are credible or scholarly

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